The National Multifamily Housing Council (NMHC) and National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) released the results of research that found that regulation imposed at various levels of government accounts for 32.1% of multifamily development costs. From an article in Multifamily Executive:
These regulatory costs include a broad range of fees, standards, and other requirements imposed at different stages of the development and construction process. According to the study, 7% of regulatory costs come from building-code changes over the past 10 years, 5.9% is attributable to development requirements (such as streets, sidewalks, parking, landscaping, and architectural design) that go beyond what the developer would ordinarily provide, and 4.2% of the costs come from nonrefundable fees charged when site work begins.
Over 90% of developers surveyed in the research typically incur hard costs of paying fees to local jurisdictions, both when applying for zoning approval and again when local jurisdictions authorize the construction of buildings. The typical projects of almost all the respondents (98%) were subject to costs at the zoning-approval stage, costing an average 4.1% of the total development costs.
They go on to note that these costs have a direct impact on housing affordability, which is an issue being addressed by almost every municipality in the country, including here in the Piedmont Triad:
“The current regulatory framework has limited the amount of housing that can be built and increased the cost of what is produced,” said NMHC president Doug Bibby in a statement. “At a time when states and localities are struggling to address housing affordability challenges, public and private stakeholders should work together to streamline regulations and take the steps necessary to expand housing in communities across the country.”
Here’s a link to a more detailed summary of the research on NAHB’s website: http://www.nahbclassic.org/generic.aspx?genericContentID=262391